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"ORWELL, a parish, containing the post-town of Milnathort, and the village of Middleton, in the north of Kinross-shire. It is bounded on the eastern part of the south by Loch-Leven, and elsewhere by the parishes of Kinross, Fossoway, Dunning, Forgandenny, Forteviot, Arngask, Strathmiglo, and Portmoak. Its length eastward is 9 1/4 miles; its greatest breadth is about 3 1/2 miles; and its area is about 21 square miles. The surface, in all the southern and south-eastern districts, is low, prevailingly level, and diversified with gentle swells and rising-grounds; and thence it gradually rises into hilly heights, called the braes of Orwell, and then, toward the northern boundary, shoots suddenly up into a frontier range of the Ochils, with summits of about 1,000 or 1,100 feet above sea-level ... The parish is traversed northward by the public road from Edinburgh to Perth, and eastward by that from Stirling to Cupar. Population in 1831, 3,005; in 1861, 2,399."
from the Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland, edited by John Marius Wilson, 1868.

Milnathort (photo circa 1900)

Archives and Libraries

Friends of the Kinross Museum have set up a number of web pages including a page for Milnathort. The pages are well worth visiting


Pre-1855 inscriptions for the parish are contained in the Scottish Genealogy Society's volume of "Monumental Inscriptions in Kinross-shire".

Church Records

The parish church (Established Church of Scotland) has records dating from 1688. These are held in the General Register Office for Scotland in Edinburgh, and copies on microfilm may be consulted in LDS Family History Centres around the world.

The original Orwell Kirk was on the north banks of Loch Leven. This church is now a ruin and the graveyard no longer tended. In 1729 a new church was built in the village of Milnathort. It is still in use today.

Record references;

Other Church References for Orwell include at the Scottish Record Office;

Please see also the following pages;

(With thanks to Marjorie Jodoin for her permission to insert this pointer to her pages.)

(Monumental Inscriptions - see Cemeteries)

e-mail contactJohn Chalmers

Last updated 26-Dec-2009